Bergamo, Val di Scalve
Closed in by the mountainous ridges of the Presolana, mount Gleno and the Pizzo Camino, the Scalve Valley is the furthest from Bergamo and it has always been a picturesque and isolated place. Still today, the only access routes are constituted by the Presolana Pass, the Vivione pass and the Via Mala, a road excavated in the rock among ravines and precipices in 1862. If Dezzo, Colere, Vilminore and Schilpario are today known as tourist localities, in the past the Scalve Valley was famous for the mining and excavation activities that took place at the foot of the mountains delimiting the basin. The Scalve territory is fascinating: it is scarcely populated, villages are scattered and isolated along the valley, prairies are extensive, ample areas are wooded, peaks are perfectly Dolomite. This is an ideal environment for hikers, alpinists and winter sports fans, with downhill runs in Colere and a large cross country skiing trail in the Schilpario pinewoods. All tourists can find the answers to their relaxation, adventures and culture needs both in winter and summer. With respect to the other winter holiday stations, the valley also offers the solitary beauty of its enchanted peaks such as the north wall of the Presolana. A grandiose mountain with evident Dolomite characteristics, Pizzo della Presolana (2521 m) separates the Scalve basin from the Castione della Presolana area. Pizzo Camino (2491 m) towers the village of Schilpario from the south and dominates over the village of Borno, in Brescia, in the north. Last but not least, Mount Gleno (2882 m), a well known and much frequented mountain especially on the Serio side, closes the Barellino basin in the east. The mountain has two peaks and is found at the crossing of three important hydrographical basins: the Adda, the Serio and the Gleno (a tributary of the Dezzo). The The Giovetto Woods Natural Reservation is found in Azzone and it is connected to the eastern side of the Orobie Alps. It can be reached easily from Azzone, Dosso and Croce di Salven, The Reservation has at least three types of vegetation: woods, bush and prairie. It is the only reservation in Italy protecting the "formica rufa" (red wood ant), an insect important for the conservation of the balance of the forest ecosystem.