Monza, Villa Reale
The Villa Reale (Royal Villa) was built in the 18th century (1777-1780), by the architect Giuseppe Piermarini (Foligno 1734-1808), one of the most important representative of the neoclassic style in Italy. Designed for the Archduke Ferdinando d'Austria, governor of Lombardy, it was the residence of archdukes, viceroys and kings. A typical kind of Lombard villa of the '600s -'700s, it as a "U" shape layout, with a central body and double façade, two main wings and two secondary ones.
The gardens still maintain their original British-style arrangements, with a small lake, a small temple, a library with a neoghothic tower from the 19th century and a door known as the "gothic door", a 19th-century assembly of pieces found in various Milan monuments. From the royal gardens (where beeches, plane trees, ginkgos, sequoias, tulip trees, English oaks, pagoda-trees, read oaks and cedars of Lebanon grow) one can enter into the Parco di Monza. The interior, which is today rather decayed, had large halls and silk tapestry on the walls, marbles and wooden engravings on the floors. Worthy to be seen is the Rotonda, a hall with a semi-circural vault, ornate with episodes from the tale of Love and Psyche, painted by Andrea Appiani (Milano 1754-1817), a painter that approached the neoclassic language, referring back to Raffaello and to the antique world. Art exhibitions are held today in the Villa.