Nature, waters, forests, but also culture, history, ancient buildings characterize the whole Valtellina Region. The high altitudes of the Lepontine, Retic, and Orobic Alps are as appealing as the alpine passes. The protected districts of Stelvio and Orobie Parks border on areas for alpinism and ski. Mountain dews, hill countries, lakes, are the edge of a mid mountain with its historical routes: via Spluga and via Bregaglia. The High Rezia with the Poschiavo Valley, the Stelvio Pass, the Aprica Pass and the S. Mark Pass open a series of primary and secondary paths, of thematic lanes, forests, chestnut forests, ancient inhabited hamlets; but also caves, grazings, terraces, vineyards, towers and castles. Finally, down the valley, the flat areas with the rivers Adda, Mera and many other minor ones, mark the trail of green itineraries, bicycle and pedestrian paths of the main centres down the valley, and are the unique background of a wonderful and rich cultural heritage.
Together with traditional festivals and annual happenings, it is possible to visit a series of small and rich museums. In particular, the Museum of Valtellina Art and History. Very interesting from a historical and architectonic point of view, the Masegra Castles of Sondrio offers an exhibit itinerary based on some historical themes of the Three Leagues domination period (1512-1797). Vertemate Franchi Palace is a Renaissance masterpiece surrounded by an enchanting landscape. The Church of S. Martino of Pedenosso is a particular building situated on a rock in a panoramic position looking all over Valdidentro. The Piro al Grumello Castle rises on a promontory above the city of Sondrio. The Wild Man's Museum is set in an ancient house, famous for the cycle of frescoes of the V century representing the mythological creature of the wild man. The Basilica of the Holy Virgin of Tirano and the small Temple of S. Fedelino also are worth a visit.
The Thermal Baths also have an important role in the local natural heritage. Valtellina, in fact, has always been famous for its thermal waters since the first century a.C.. In particular, Bormio is the most important thermal centre of the region, which also includes the Thermal Baths of Valmasino.